The Indian stock market has two main indices, Sensex and Nifty-50. Sensex is the index of BSE and Nifty-50 is of NSE. Sensex has 30 number stocks as its constituents and Nifty has 50. In this article, we talk about Sensex 30 companies and their weightage in the Index.
In case you are interested to know how Sensex is calculated, please visit the link. You will find a seven-step description of the calculation.
Sensex 30 Companies List With Weights
(Updated on 15-May-2022)
|SL||Name||Industry||Mcap Full (Cr.)||M.Cap FF (Cr.)||Weight|
|1||Reliance Ind||Integrated Oil & Gas||16,42,568.98||8,37,710.18||14.00%|
|3||Infosys||IT Consulting & Software||6,32,432.92||5,50,216.64||9.20%|
|6||TCS||IT Consulting & Software||12,48,998.89||3,49,719.69||5.84%|
|7||Kotak Mahindra Bank||Banks||3,53,200.33||2,61,368.24||4.37%|
|9||HINDUSTAN UNI||Housing Finance||5,15,582.56||1,95,921.37||3.27%|
|10||Larsen & Toubro||Construction & Engineering||2,15,601.72||1,85,417.48||3.10%|
|11||State Bank of India||Banks||3,97,189.84||1,70,791.63||2.85%|
|13||Bharti Airtel||Telecom Services||3,78,620.36||1,62,806.75||2.72%|
|14||Bajaj Finance||Holding Companies||3,33,906.33||1,46,918.79||2.46%|
|16||HCL Technologies||IT Consulting & Software||2,86,115.28||1,11,584.96||1.86%|
|18||Maruti Suzuki||Cars & Utility Vehicles||2,14,531.22||94,393.74||1.58%|
|19||Tata Steel||Iron & Steel/Interm.Products||1,34,001.04||88,440.69||1.48%|
|20||Titan Co||Other Apparels & Accessories||1,85,640.52||87,251.05||1.46%|
|21||Mahindra & Mahindra||Cars & Utility Vehicles||1,10,513.60||85,095.47||1.42%|
|22||Power Grid||Electric Utilities||1,65,248.48||80,971.75||1.35%|
|23||Bajaj Finserv||Finance (including NBFCs)||2,00,731.20||76,277.86||1.27%|
|24||Tech Mahindra||IT Consulting & Software||1,16,857.32||74,788.68||1.25%|
|25||UltraTech Cement||Cement & Cement Products||1,78,973.04||71,589.22||1.20%|
|26||Wipro||IT Consulting & Software||2,56,867.29||69,354.17||1.16%|
|30||Dr Reddy’s Labs||Pharmaceuticals||65,294.00||47,664.62||0.80%|
7 Facts about Sensex 30 Companies
- What is S&P BSE Sensex?
- What does it mean when we say Sensex is at 55,000 points?
- Which Sectors/Industry is represented in Sensex?
- What is Free Float and Full Market Capitalization?
- How is the weight of stocks calculated in Sensex?
- Which companies are selected for Sensex?
- Why to Know Sensex Stocks Weightage?
The Sensex 30 companies grouped together becomes a bellwether index. Why is an index like Sensex required? Tracking the movement of a bellwether index gives an idea of the market’s trend. A carefully selected group of companies can also replicate the trend of the country’s economy. A rising index is symbolic of a growing economy. Though it is not always the case, the trend of a bellwether index mostly replicates the pulse of an economy.
What is S&P BSE Sensex?
It is a bellwether index of the Indian economy. There are 30 number stocks included in this index. These 30 companies are the largest and the most traded (liquid) companies in their sectors. The size and trading volumes ensure that they are true representatives of their sector/industry. Moreover, companies from a range of sectors/industries are included in the index. This variety of companies enables the index like Sensex to mimic the trend of its economy.
The base year for S&P BSE Sensex is 1978-79. The launch date of Sensex was 01-Jan’1986
What does it mean when we say Sensex is at 55,000 points?
The base year for S&P BSE Sensex is 1978-79. In this year, it is hypothetically assumed that Sensex was trading at 100 points.
The launch date of Sensex was 01-Jan’1986. On this date, the Sensex traded at 561 points (see the above chart). What do 561 points mean? As compared to the Year 1978-79, the index went up 5.61 times till 1986, in 7 Years.
Similarly, when we say that Sensex is at 55,000 points in Year-2022, this is a comparative number with respect to the year 1978-79 (100 points).
To understand how the numbers of 561 and 55,000 points are derived, I’ll suggest you read this article about Sensex calculation. It will give a fair idea of the calculation methodology.
Between the years 1979 and 2022, Sensex has appreciated from 100 to 55,000 points. This is a growth rate of about 15.8% p.a. in 43 years.
Which Sectors/Industries are represented in Sensex?
Presently, the Sensex 30 companies cover 18 sectors (industries). The list of sectors covered by this bellwether index is listed below. The weight of each sector is also indicated.
The weight of the banking sector is most dominant in the index, followed by IT, and Oil & Gas.
|Integrated Oil & Gas||14.00%|
|IT Consulting & Software||19.32%|
|Construction & Engineering||3.10%|
|Finance (including NBFCs)||1.28%|
|Cars & Utility Vehicles||3.00%|
|Cement & Cement Products||1.20%|
|Other Apparels & Accessories||1.46%|
|Exploration & Production||0.00%|
|Iron & Steel/Interm.Products||1.48%|
What is Free Float vs Full Market Capitalization?
Visit the BSE India website and search for a stock. On the stock page, you will find two market capitalizations mentioned for each stock. The first will be Full Market Capitalisation, and second will be Free Float Market Cap.
What is the difference?
- Free Float Market Cap: represent those shares of the company which are readily available for trading. Out of total numbers of stocks issued by the company, only a part of it are actively traded in the market. These active stocks builds the free float market capitalization.
- Full Market Cap: represents all shares issued by the company. Needless to shay that free float market cap will always be less than or equal to full market cap.
Free Float Market </= Full Market Cap
Calculation of Free Float Market Cap
If you check a stock’s shareholding in moneycontrol, you will find them categorized into the following two types:
The stocks held by promoters are not used in the calculation of free-float market capitalization. Only public shareholdings are considered for free float calculation.
But there are more filters (within public shareholdings as well). Like “Public Locked-in Shares” are not considered to calculate free-float market cap. Check this example for free-float market cap calculation:
Stocks that are not included in the free-float market cap are listed below:
- Promoters held stocks.
- Any one holding stocks who has interest to control company.
- Government of India held stocks
- Stocks held by agency through Foreign Holding Route.
- Anyone holding stocks with strategic focus.
- Group companies held stocks.
- Employee Welfare Trusts held stocks.
How is the weight of stocks calculated in Sensex?
First, we list down all 30 stocks of Sensex. Then note down Free Float Market Cap against each of the 30 stocks. You will get the values from bseindia.com (stock page). Once this is done, add the market cap of all 30 stocks.
The individual weight of stocks can then be calculated as shown below:
The higher is the market cap (free float) of a company, the higher will be its weightage in Sensex. A simplistic representation of how weightage is calculated is shown below:
Which companies are selected for Sensex?
There is no partiality in the selection of Sensex companies. All companies which are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) can be included in Sensex. As of date, about 4500+ companies are listed in BSE.
The stock exchange follows screening criteria to shortlist stocks for Sensex. The companies listed in BSE are categorized into 4 groups.
- A Group,
- B Group,
- T Group &
- Z Group.
- Z-Group companies are excluded: These are companies which has not complied with BSE regulations.
- IPO’s: cannot be included in Sensex. To be eligible for Sensex, companies must be listed in BSE for minimum 3 months.
- Daily Trading: In its past 3 month cycle, the company’s stock must have been traded on every day.
- 4Q Reporting: The company must have reported its sales turnover (total income) of last 4 quarters.
Once the above preconditions are satisfied, the company is allowed to go through the following screening process:
- Screening 1 (Free Float): The shortlisted companies are listed in order of their “average three month float market capitalization.” Only top 75 ranked companies are considered for further screening.
- Screening 2 (Full Market Cap): All companies are ranked based on their full market capitalization (3 months average). Again, top 75 ranked companies are selected.
- The companies shortlisted in 1 & 2 above (75+75) are combined to form one list.
- Screening 3 (Trading Volume): The list of combined companies are then ranked once again based on their average traded volume (of last 3 months). Companies whose cumulated value traded is <98% are excluded from the list.
- Screening 4 (Weigh): Balance companies are again ranked based on float-market capitalization. Companies which had calculated weight of less than 0.5% are again excluded.
The balance that remains (Top 30) – gives the final list of the Sensex 30 companies.
Why to Know Sensex Stocks Weightage?
As an investor, why should we worry about a stock’s weightage in Sensex? Frankly speaking, we should not care about it.
Our target should be “to locate any stock which is fundamentally strong and is also undervalued”.
But how to identify fundamentally strong stocks? This is where the stock included in bellwether indices like Sensex and Nifty can help.
Ideally, identification of fundamentally strong stocks which is also undervalued is done through fundamental analysis and price valuation. For some, the task of this analysis might look like too much effort. Such a person can look towards Sensex 30 companies.
This list is a shortcut to finding fundamentally strong stocks. Stocks with high weightage in Sensex are necessarily ones with the strongest business fundamentals.
Tracking these stocks is a good way to start the process of stock investing. Read: About Google Finance portfolio tracker.
It is good to invest in strong stocks. How to find them? We can look for stock included in the bellwether indices like Sensex and Nifty. These companies are the top blue-chip stocks available in the country. In Sensex, we have 30 number such stocks.
We can either invest in these stocks directly or indirectly. Indirect investing can be done through index funds or Exchange-traded funds (ETFs). These funds which track BSE SENSEX are can be bought online. Both mutual funds and ETFs can be bought using online trading accounts.
Both index funds and index-ETFs, whose theme is Sensex, hold only those stocks that are constituents of Sensex’s portfolio.